Federico Fellini and G. Masina, 1954 - More Posters & Photos »
Η γενέτειρα του Φεντερίκο Φελίνι [Federico Fellini, January 20, 1920 - October 31, 1993], το Ρίμινι της Ιταλίας, αλλά και το Χόλιγουντ ετοιμάζουν σειρά εκδηλώσεων για να εορταστεί η 50ή επέτειος της κλασικής ταινίας του σκηνοθέτη «La Dolce Vita» (Γλυκιά Ζωή). Ηδη την προηγούμενη εβδομάδα πραγματοποιήθηκε στο Ρίμινι διεθνές συνέδριο ειδικών για την ταινία που άλλαξε την ιστορία του κινηματογράφου. Ο Φελίνι συνέλαβε την ιδέα της ταινίας το 1958, τη γύρισε έναν χρόνο αργότερα και προβλήθηκε στους κινηματογράφους το 1960. Η Ακαδημία Τεχνών και Επιστημών, που απονέμει τα βραβεία Οσκαρ, οργανώνει από τις 24 Ιανουαρίου έως τις 19 Απριλίου του 2009 έκθεση στο Μπέβερλι Χιλς για το «Ονειρικό» του Φελίνι.
In August 1918, Fellini's mother, Ida Barbiani (1896-1984) married a traveling salesman and wholesale vendor named Urbano Fellini (1894-1956) in a civil ceremony (with the religious celebration the following January). After Fellini's birth in 1920, two more children arrived: Riccardo (1921-1991) and Maria Maddalena (m. Fabbri; 1929-2002). Urbano Fellini was originally from Gambettola, where the young Federico vacationed at his grandparents' house for several years.
Born and raised in Rimini, Fellini's childhood experiences would later play an important part in many of his films, in particular, I vitelloni (1953), 8½ (1963) and Amarcord (1973). It is misleading, however, to assume that all his films contain autobiographical anecdotes and fantasies. Intimate friends, such as screenwriters Tullio Pinelli and Bernardino Zapponi, cinematographer Giuseppe Rotunno and set designer Dante Ferretti have insisted on how Fellini invented his own memories simply for the pleasure of narrating them in his films.
During Mussolini's Fascist regime, Fellini and his brother, Riccardo, were part of the Avanguardista, the fascist youth group that every adolescent Italian male was obliged to join. After moving to Rome in the spring of 1939, Fellini landed a well-paid job writing articles for the hugely popular satirical weekly, Marc’Aurelio. It was at this time that he interviewed Aldo Fabrizi, inaugurating a friendship that would lead to professional collaboration and radio work. Of conscription age since 1939, Fellini had nonetheless managed to avoid being drafted through a suite of clever ruses. Commenting on this turbulent epoch, Fellini biographer Tullio Kezich notes that although "the Marc'Aurelio period was happy, the happiness masked a phase of shameless political apathy. Many living under the Mussolini dictatorship during its last years experienced the schizophrenic tug between official loyalty to the regime and the intrinsic freedom of humor."
In 1942, Fellini met Giulietta Masina, and a year later, on October 30, 1943, they were married. Thus began one of the great creative partnerships in world cinema. Several months after their marriage, Masina fell down the stairs and suffered a miscarriage. Then, on March 22, 1945, Pierfederico (nicknamed Federichino) was born but died a mere month later on April 24. These family tragedies affected the couple in profound ways, particularly in the conception of La strada (1954).
The fascist regime fell on July 25, 1943, and the Allies liberated Rome on June 4, 1944. During that euphoric summer, Fellini set up the Funny-Face Shop with his friend De Seta, drawing caricatures of Allied soldiers for money. It was here that Roberto Rossellini came to see Fellini about his project, titled Rome, Open City (1945). Rossellini wanted the young man to introduce him to Aldo Fabrizi and collaborate on the script (with Suso Cecchi D'Amato, Piero Tellini, and Alberto Lattuada). Fellini accepted, contributing gags and dialogue.
In 1993, Fellini received an Oscar "in recognition of his cinematic accomplishments that have thrilled and entertained audiences worldwide." That same year, he died of a heart attack in Rome at the age of 73, a day after his fiftieth wedding anniversary on October 31st. His wife, Giulietta Masina, died six months later of lung cancer on March 23 1994. Fellini, Giulietta Masina and their son Pierfederico are buried in the same bronze tomb sculpted by Arnaldo Pomodoro. Shaped like a ship's prow in the water, the tomb is located at the main entrance to the Cemetery of Rimini.